Right, so we can distinguish between a novel and a short story/novella by its written length; weaker or absent character/plot development; and that the latter can bring sudden juts. By these juts I mean the ‘enlightenment or revelation’ stated by Hawthorn. My experience of the stories is that they make me think or reflect, and at times leave me feeling somewhat empty as though the ideas teased out were not brought to fruition. This type of fiction is meant to make people feel this way by nudging them to ‘fill in the blanks’.
But in all honesty, it still has a beginning-middle-end which mirrors practically every novel (even if the flow is mixed up). Further, ‘poetic devices’ or literary/rhetorical devices like repetition, chiasmus [he uses The Dead (by James Joyce) with the phrases ‘falling faintly’ and ‘faintly falling’ as an example] are also used by other text types (including non-fiction). Yet, Hawthorn has a point in that such tools take on greater responsibilities to counterbalance (any) gaps in the genre. [p.57]