Note – Chinese translation of ‘Rhinitis’ was checked against Google Translate and Cambridge Dictionary Translator [https://dictionary.cambridge.org/translate/]. This post is a record to help the author understand challenges and treatments for rhinitis sufferers. Sentences/parts shortened by the author are indicated with “…”
Rhinitis is inflammation of the nose.
Post-nasal drip is mucus accumulation in the back of the nose and throat leading to, or giving the sensation of, mucus dripping downward from the back of the nose… common characteristics of chronic rhinitis is post-nasal drip… may lead to chronic sore throat, chronic cough, or throat clearing… can be caused by excessive or thick mucus secretions or impairment in the normal clearance of mucus from the nose and throat.
Forms of non-allergic rhinitis include:
- Idiopathic rhinitis often does not have a specific cause… but commonly includes upper respiratory infections.
- Vasomotor rhinitis is thought to occur because of abnormal regulation of nasal blood flow and may be induced by temperature fluctuations in the environment such as, cold or dry air, or irritants such as
- Air pollution
- Tobacco smoke
- Car exhaust
- Strong odors such as, detergents or fragrances
- Weather conditions (such as the arrival of a weather front)
Other causes… :
- Certain medications (oral contraceptives, some blood pressure medications, some anxiety medications, some erectile dysfunction medications, and some anti-inflammatory medications)
- Some nasal structural abnormalities (deviated septum, perforated septum, tumors, nasal polyps, or foreign bodies)
… rhinitis may be related to other generalized medical conditions such as:
… primary reason for impaired clearance of nasal secretions within the nasal cavities is from smoking… impairs the movement of the cilia (microscopic hairs) and their ability to push the secretions out of the nasal cavity to be swallowed. Other conditions that can impact clearance of secretions in the nose include allergies and some genetic disorders. Swallowing problems can make it difficult to clear normal secretions from the back of the throat. This may result in the accumulation of material in the throat, which can spill into the voice box, causing hoarseness, throat clearing, or cough.
Irrigating the nose with salt water is a home remedy that is very useful therapy for non-allergic rhinitis, and especially beneficial for treatment and relief post-nasal drip.
Nasal irrigation utilizing a buffered isotonic saline solution (salt water) helps to reduce swollen and congested nasal and sinus tissues… it washes out thickened nasal secretions, irritants (smog, pollens, etc.), bacteria, and crusts from the nose and sinuses. Non-prescription nasal sprays (Ocean spray, Ayr, Nasal) can be used frequently, and are very convenient to use.
John P. Cunha. (Medically Reviewed on 1/10/2018 – this could mean Jan 2018 due to the US calendar order). Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip Symptoms, Causes, Treatment. https://www.medicinenet.com/chronic_rhinitis/article.htm#chronic_rhinitis_and_post-nasal_drip_definition_and_facts. MedicineNet, Inc. – Owned and Operated by WebMD and part of the WebMD Network. [MedicineNet is an online, healthcare media publishing company. … The doctors of MedicineNet are also proud to author Webster’s New World™ Medical Dictionary First, Second and Third Editions (May, 2008) John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; ISBN-10: 0470189282.]
Some small studies.. shown repeated applications of capsaicin — the ingredient… in hot peppers — to the inside of the nose can ease nasal congestion… treatment is often given multiple times on the same day, and relief has been shown to last as long as 36 weeks. But larger studies are needed.
Nonallergic rhinitis. (4 Jan 2018). https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nonallergic-rhinitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351235. Mayo Clinic.